Journal article / The Organic Farming Countermovement in Kerala

Palackal, Antony. ‘Organic Agriculture in Kerala: A Counter-Discourse from the Margins’. Sociological Bulletin. Published ahead of print, 3 July 2019.

Abstract (edited): The article seeks to look at the current organic boom in the state of Kerala as a counter-discourse to the agrarian crisis and the impending issues of food security, food price and health hazards in the state in the wake of the liberalisation policies and World Trade Organization (WTO) agreements.

The Polanyan notion of ‘countermovement’ (1944) is used to unearth Kerala’s agrarian crisis of the 1990s that stemmed up from the commoditisation of agriculture, which ultimately paved way for an agrarian countermovement in the form of organic farming in the late 20th century.

It is argued that organic agriculture signals the emergence of an agrarian counter-discourse promoting greater engagement of the farmers from the fringes. The primary data for the article were gathered out of two empirical projects carried out in 2015–2016.

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Reposted from Kerala Scholars eGroup

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